The Best West Coast Path Packing Guidelines is a whole data designed to help hikers efficiently put collectively for his or her journey alongside the attractive West Coast Path. This textual content outlines the necessary objects that must be included in any hiker’s backpack, guaranteeing their safety and luxurious all via the tour. From sturdy mountaineering boots to lightweight tents, this packing itemizing covers all the necessities for a worthwhile and gratifying journey on the West Coast Path. Whether or not or not you are a seasoned hiker or a first-timer, this data will provide you with helpful insights to optimize your experience.
Packing for a multiday hike, such as a result of the West Coast Path on Vancouver Island, could also be troublesome. Realizing what to pack, how lots to pack, and what to depart behind could also be troublesome for all multi-day backpacking hikes but it surely certainly’s very true in relation to your West Coast Path packing itemizing.
That’s because of the WCT is believed for being muddy, troublesome, and that features loads of ladders; which suggests you’ll must have the power to easily bear the burden of your backpack when climbing. The lighter your pack, the additional gratifying your hike might be.
Nevertheless don’t concern, I’ve purchased you coated.
First, congratulations on securing permits for the West Coast Path! You’re in for a cope with and are about to get pleasure from a couple of of essentially the most stunning coastal views, waterfalls, and old-growth forests — oh, and a great deal of mud!
That may help you revenue out of your journey, I’ve put collectively a whole packing itemizing for the West Coast Path, overlaying the whole thing from garments and footwear to tenting gear and meals. I’ll data you through the whole thing you need to study packing for the West Coast Path.
This packing itemizing will assist you preserve the burden of your pack beneath administration whereas guaranteeing that you have all the requirements for a protected and comfortable hike.
In case you’re questioning what to pack for the West Coast Path, I’ll aspect what you should pack and what you shouldn’t pack for the West Coast Path.
Whether or not or not you’re a seasoned backpacker or a first-time hiker, our West Coast Path packing itemizing will assist you place collectively for the journey of a lifetime.
So, get capable of take some notes, pack your baggage, and embark on an unforgettable journey. Our West Coast Path BC packing itemizing offers you with the vanity to find a few of the beautiful hikes in Canada, with the whole thing you need for a protected and comfortable journey.
Packing for a further multi-day backpacking journey? Try this backpacking packing itemizing.
AllTrails is my go-to mountaineering app for finding, planning, and navigating whereas I’m out on the paths. With offline maps on AllTrails+ chances are you’ll be assured you’re nonetheless on the right track, even with out cell signal.
About Climbing the West Coast Path
The West Coast Path (WCT) is a 75km backpacking path all through the Pacific Rim Nationwide Park on the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
For lots of, it’s considered a hike of a lifetime partly due to the environment, the quite a few seaside terrain and tenting selections, and the reality that it’s an issue!
Over the course of the 75km backpacking route, you’ll climb better than 70 West Coast Path ladders collectively together with your pack on, navigate cable vehicles and bridges, and wade by deep mud and all through hip-deep, chilly streams.
Add to that the potential of rain and wind and it’s simple to see the issue launched by the West Coast Path.
The West Coast Path on Vancouver Island is open from Would possibly 1st to September thirtieth yearly. Reservations for the West Coast Path are necessary and could also be arduous to get. Most people will take between 4 and 7 days to complete your entire path.
There are two components of entry for the West Coast Path. In case you start from the south you’ll go from Jordon River, and when you occur to start inside the North you’ll start from Pachena Bay.
There’s nearly no cell phone service alongside the trail, and evacuations inside the event of hurt are by boat or helicopter.
You’ll need all your meals and water purification tablets in the middle of your hike and want to take note of tide situations as elements of the trail are inaccessible at extreme tide.
Which suggests preparedness for this hike is essential – notably in relation to packing!
Learn to Pack for the West Coast Path
Packing for multi-day packing journeys can always be a bit troublesome, listed below are some excessive strategies for packing for the West Coast Path which has its private set of challenges.
How Heavy Should Your Bag be for the West Coast Path?
Given the particularities of the West Coast Path (ladders, dimension, seaside trails, mud), it could be arduous to pack for and there’s a sturdy likelihood you’ll start by overpacking.
The necessary factor with this path is not to overpack since you’re not solely going to ought to hike with that for per week or so nevertheless climb ladders collectively together with your pack too!
Usually, Parks Canada recommends that you just pack and weigh 25-30% of your physique weight. If it’s better than this they’re saying it’s best to reassess as packs which could be too heavy can really wreck your experience and set off accidents!
Sooner than beginning your hike, you need to endure orientation from Parks Canada rangers. There are scales on the Pachena Bay ranger station, on the Crab Shack at Nitinaht Narrows and on Butch’s Dock at Jordon River.
So, in case your pack stays to be too heavy you presumably can have a last-minute repack but it surely certainly’s easier when you occur to’ve sorted that out beforehand.
Learn to Reduce Pack Weight on the West Coat Path
Listed below are some good strategies for decreasing your west coast path pack weight:
- Go lightweight in your giant objects: sleeping bag, tent, backpack, and sleeping pad. Lightweight could also be expensive nevertheless they’re typically good top quality and value it in the long run!
- Don’t convey too many clothes on the West Coast Path. You gained’t need clear clothes each single day.
- Save weight on meals: Pack dehydrated meals over baggage of heavier meals objects
- Rethink taking camp chairs and heavy cameras. Cellphone cameras are good as of late and are potential sufficient to get the pictures you want!
- Share gear collectively together with your group harking back to a tarp, first assist bundle or water filter.
What to not pack for the West Coast Path
- Drones: They aren’t allowed in any nationwide park besides you’ve got gotten a specific use permit.
- Axe: Campfires are allowed, nevertheless axes are in the direction of the ideas. In any case, it’s best to have the power to find loads of small driftwood to make a fireplace. Consider to observe Depart No Trace best practices and make a small fireside.
- Your canine: Canine won’t be permitted on the West Coast Path.
West Coast Path Packing Requirements
These are the West Coast Path requirements that you just’ll have to make sure you have on you, or between your group.
In spite of everything, the first necessary is guaranteeing you’ve purchased your tenting reservations in your West Coast Path campsites.
Chances are you’ll get your West Coast Path reserving on-line right here.
Your West Coast Path Permit
Everytime you study in on the ranger station you’ll be given a small paper permit. It’s suggestion to pack a ziplock bag to take care of it in as a result of it’s not waterproof. You’ll must level out this when you take the Jordon River and Nitinaht Narrows ferries so make sure you don’t lose or harm them.
Nationwide Parks Transfer
You need a Nationwide Park Transfer to hike the West Coast Path since you’re mountaineering in a Canadian Nationwide Park. In case you’ve an annual go (good thought when you occur to’re planning to go to numerous nationwide parks, buy on-line proper right here), you must use that. Nevertheless when you occur to don’t you should purchase them at check-in or just get them on-line upfront.
As soon as extra, these aren’t waterproof so preserve them collectively together with your path permit.
You need to pack a tide desk since numerous elements of the trail are inaccessible at extreme tide.
Though park rangers will stick a tide desk collectively together with your West Coast Path Map it’s pretty basic and easily has daily highs and lows. It’s not adjusted for clock changes beneath daylight monetary financial savings and subsequently it’s merely method easier to take your private separate tide desk.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada produce a tide desk that’s adjusted for daylight monetary financial savings time and has hourly predicted tide peak for every hour of the day. No additional guessing!
You’re looking out for the Tofino tide desk as that’s actually helpful for the West Coast Path.
And, you’ve guessed it, add it to the ziplock bag!
West Coast Path Map
At orientation, you’ll be given a water resistant mannequin of the West Coast Path map in order so as to add to your West Coast path packing itemizing.
That’s the merchandise you’ll possibly use most likely essentially the most to see how far it is between campsites and plan your mountaineering route.
AllTrails is my go-to mountaineering app for finding, planning, and navigating whereas I’m out on the paths. With offline maps on AllTrails+ chances are you’ll be assured you’re nonetheless on the right track, even with out cell signal.
Watch or Cell Cellphone (& chargers)
Together with the tide desk, you’ll need a watch or cellphone so that you presumably can inform the time!
In case you employ a Garmin/Apple watch, concede to moreover pack your charging cable and a battery pack so that you presumably can recharge it. The an identical goes in your cellphone, notably when you occur to’re planning on using it as your digicam.
I desire to report my hikes by my Garmin Instinct watch and it is also potential to do this by mountaineering apps in your cellphone. Nonetheless, that’s non-compulsory!
Tent and Sleeping Gear
Tent & non-compulsory additional tent pegs
It rains slightly lots on the West Coast Path and so guaranteeing you’ve got gotten a appropriately waterproof and lightweight, compact tent is a ought to. No person must rise up to hunt out they’re sleeping in a puddle of water!
MSR 3-season tents are always an excellent risk. We use our MSR Elixir for the whole thing. We purchased it second-hand on eBay and respray it with waterproofing spray every occasionally – it’s served us properly!
Provided that a variety of the tenting on the Westcoast Path is on the sand, your regular tent pegs could not work so properly. Whereas your tent is unlikely to maneuver when you occur to place rocks throughout the pegs and preserve your gear contained within the tent, sand/snow stakes are an excellent risk merely to confirm.
Sleeping bag and stuff/Compression sack
Given the burden strategies for the West Coast Path, you’ll want to pack a lightweight and simply compressible sleeping bag.
One factor that is rated to as little as 0°C must be warmth ample nevertheless if in case you’ve one factor that sleeps cooler you presumably can take that, it merely could take up additional area in your backpack.
Whichever bag you go for, you may need to get a compression sack to help squash it down and take up a lot much less home in your backpack. I picked mine up from MEC (The Canadian REI), one factor like this will do the trick.
Tarp and Wire (Non-compulsory)
In case you’re mountaineering in a bunch of 4+ taking a tarp amongst you is an excellent thought! This way you gained’t be confined to your separate tents if it rains.
Taking a tarp means you presumably can rig your self a little bit of shelter for cooking and hanging out and if it’s great sunny it acts as shade!
Chances are you’ll get good tarps from most retailers along with Residence Depot and Yard Retailers.
West Coast Path Backpacks and Baggage
What dimension backpack for the West Coast Path? Your best guess might be one factor between 60 and 75L which is pretty giant.
It’s essential to check out your backpack out inside the retailer beforehand (use weights to see what it looks like when packed) to confirm it’s cozy.
I exploit a Vango backpacking pack for multi-day hikes and usually my boyfriend’s Osprey backpack.
Dry Baggage & Stuff Sacks
To take care of points dry on the trail, it’s best to buy numerous dry baggage or stuff sacks of assorted sizes.
Not solely does this help compress your clothes or sleeping bag, but it surely certainly makes organizing your backpack easier and retains points dry! There’s nothing worse than transferring into some damp garments or a sleeping bag!
These dry bag stuff sacks are pretty good and by no means too expensive.
Some backpacks embody a rain cowl nevertheless not all of them. If yours doesn’t make sure you get one which’ll fit your bag – go for one a little bit of bit bigger so it’ll match a full bag.
They typically embody a drawstring so that you presumably can tighten it spherical your bag too.
One different good tip is to get a massive trash compactor bag and put it inside your backpack. This acts as a further layer of rain security and it’s positively increased to be protected than sorry!
Or, you must use numerous dry baggage to take care of your stuff dry inside your backpack. These are dearer nevertheless they’re an effective way of preserving your stuff organised too.
What to placed on on the West Coast Path
Rain jacket (ideally Gore-tex) & rain pants
It’s essential to take a rain jacket on every hike you do, notably for the West Coast Path.
Some key points to seek for are that it’s Gore-tex and has zippers by your pits to allow for breathability and funky you down whereas staying dry. My Arc’teryx jacket was costly nevertheless value it!
As soon as I used to be a canine walker I used waterproof pants slightly lots! You’ll want them a bit bigger and baggier than your strange pants since they go over your mountaineering pants/leggings/shorts. I use these ones, nevertheless any ought to help preserve you drier.
Insulated Jacket & additional warmth layer
The mornings and evenings is also pretty chilly and so that you just’ll want a puffy jacket to go beneath your rain jacket. I exploit a Patagonia puffy and blend it with my Patagonia Synchilla fleece.
It is potential you may solely need the puffy if the temps don’t seem like they’re going too low nevertheless guarantee you haven’t lower than one risk!
Climbing pants or leggings or shorts (2 pairs)
Placed on what you’d typically placed on when mountaineering as that’s what you’re used to and are most cozy in. Nonetheless, I wouldn’t counsel brand-new, expensive leggings since they could tear or get caught on branches/ladders and plenty of others.
If that’s leggings, I’ve a whole submit on the best mountaineering leggings.
Shorts are suggestion when you occur to’re mountaineering in July or August as temperatures are normally a bit hotter.
I’ve a pair of Fjallraven pants and normally take these and some leggings, identical to the Patagonia leggings, or a pair of bike shorts, or my Patagonia baggies.
For mountaineering, I’ll take a quick-drying t-shirt, and a long-sleeve one every for photo voltaic and mosquito security and to take care of warmth if the mornings/evenings are chilly. In case you want tanks, pack a tank excessive too.
Be taught additional: What to placed on mountaineering in scorching local weather
As soon as extra, these are sometimes tops I’ll run and train in normally and are normally from Earlier Navy.
One factor to sleep in
I’ll normally pack a protracted sleeve t-shirt, a bralette, and some leggings to placed on when at camp and to sleep in. Or some thermals identical to the Kari Traa thermal excessive and thermal bottoms.
My leggings are a combination of Earlier Navy and Lululemon.
Underwear & Sports activities actions Bras
Some people will say you don’t must convey up to date underwear each single day. Personally, it’s certainly one of many luxuries that I’ll take when backpacking. They don’t take up lots room or weight, so why not!
Plus, they are going to double up as bikini bottoms when you occur to fancy a dip inside the ocean!
Any underwear will do, I’m a contemporary convert to Lululemon’s energetic underwear.
I’ll normally take 1-2 sports activities actions bras and placed on the an identical ones I’d use for working: this one. For sleeping, or chilling out at camp, I’ll placed on an Pure Fundamentals bralette.
Hat (warmth & cool)
Pack a beanie and a trucker cap/baseball cap, or just the cap in case your insulated jacket has an excellent hood for chilly evenings!
In case you’re any individual who burns merely, or the forecast is attempting considerably sunny all through your journey on the West Coast path, chances are you’ll want to take a wide-brimmed sunhat.
I get chilly fingers in order that will typically pack a pair of gloves when doing multi-day hikes. These ‘waterproof sufficient’ gloves from MEC are a model new favourite, nevertheless any gloves will do!
Some West Coast Path hikers counsel yard gloves for the ladders and cable vehicles to take care of them shielded from cuts/blisters.
Be certain you’re prepared for sunshine by packing shades. I actually like Goodr sun shades since they don’t slip, are low-cost, and are polarized too!
Footwear for the West Coast Path
Climbing sneakers possibly gained’t cut back it on the West Coast Path as a result of it’s muddy and moist. Be certain you’re taking boots to take care of your ft drier and give you some additional stabilization.
With boots, it’s best to make sure you’ve had a chance to placed on them in to scale back getting blisters. Go to a retailer and take a look at different pairs on to see which inserts your ft best then get out and break them in!
I placed on Eager Pyrenees boots which I actually like. They’re cozy, preserve me dry and I like the best way through which they seem too. Nevertheless make sure you get ones that be simply best for you!
A lot of my buddies like Danner mountaineering boots too.
Camp or water sneakers (non-compulsory)
I desire to take some lightweight sneakers for strolling spherical camp to air my ft out, or for any river crossing on path.
Buy some good mountaineering socks harking back to Stance or just private mannequin ones from outdoors retailers and pack 4 pairs for the week.
You can preserve one pair as evening time socks and air out these you’ve hiked in on the end of the day to help preserve them up to date.
Gaiters might also assist preserve mud, sand, and water out of your boots which can stay away from blisters over the course of your hike.
I don’t private gaiters nevertheless chances are you’ll uncover you like using them and when you occur to get them for the West Coast Path, you’re sure to find a use for them on totally different hikes spherical BC, notably on winter hikes near Vancouver.
For toiletries, you want to be as minimal as you presumably can whereas nonetheless staying up to date and clear. It could be a troublesome exercise nevertheless after many journeys and residing in a van for 5 months, I’ve picked up some good strategies alongside the best way through which.
I preserve all of these in a silicone bag so that they’re not deciding on up filth from my backpack or getting misplaced amongst the whole thing else.
- Toothbrush & toothpaste: Take a mini toothpaste and an strange toothbrush
- Deodorant: I typically decant a couple of of this deodorant proper right into a small pot
- Youngster Wipes: Pack a small pack of kid wipes (unscented) and offers your self a baby wipe bathe to scrub up!
- Cotton pads & micellar water: That’s what I exploit as a make-up remover and I merely put some micellar water in a small container and pack some cotton pads so. could give my face an excellent clear
- Photo voltaic cream & lip balm: I actually like Photo voltaic Bum for every physique suncream and lip SPF
- Bug Spray: In case you’re a mosquito magnet you’ll want some bug spray. It’s a good merchandise to share amongst your group
- Hair ties: Always good to have a spare. I normally don’t brush my hair lots so can go and never utilizing a brush if I’ve hair ties
- Bathroom paper: Share between 2 and preserve in a silicone bag to take care of it dry
- Kula material: good various for bathroom paper for amount 1s!
- Hand sanitiser: Only a bit bottle
- Menstrual offers: if needed (I exploit a Diva Cup)
- Glasses/Contacts: if needed
- A rubbish bag: to assemble all your rubbish all through your hike
First Help and Safety
First Help Gear
It’s essential to always pack a small first assist bundle when you go mountaineering (day hike or backpacking!) as a result of it’s certainly one of many mountaineering 10 requirements. Embody some band-aids, bandages, blister packs, gauze, medical tape, and antiseptic cream. Together with some painkillers or Immodium is an effective suggestion too.
I exploit 2-person Journey Medical Ultralight first assist kits and add a couple of additional offers to them harking back to blister packs.
You additionally must make a small gear restore bundle with some duct tape or tenacious tape and a needle and thread in case repairs are needed.
There are bears on the West Coast Path so it is important to hold bear spray and make noise when mountaineering. In Canada, it is a should to buy bear spray in particular person and this can be bought at nearly every outdoors retailer.
Try this bear safety submit for additional knowledge on mountaineering in bear nation.
Headlamps are one different of the 10 requirements for mountaineering and a safety merchandise, along with merely good to have when it’s darkish in your, tend. I exploit a BioLite headlamp which I really like.
It’s rechargeable, but it surely certainly’s suggestion to pack a non-rechargeable one with some additional batteries in case the first runs out. For this, I identical to the Black Diamond Spot headlamps.
Cell signal is each spotty or non-existent on the West Coast Trial and so together with a instrument like a Garmin inReach is an excellent addition to your WCT packing itemizing.
With this, you’ll have the power to make contact with emergency suppliers, or your loved ones and associates prepared for you at residence, do you must be injured or delayed.
Not lower than one particular person in your group should have this.
Carrying a knife or multi-tool with you on the West Coast Path is an effective suggestion.
They’ve so many makes use of and are available in helpful for gear restore, meals preparation, and first assist.
Vary, fuel, and lighter & cooking pots
Fires are allowed on the West Coast Path (when you’re on a seaside and there’s no fireside ban!), but it surely certainly’s easier to take a variety with you to cok on.
Don’t neglect to take an ignitor if needed (storm proof matches are suggestion in case the ignitor breaks). And tenting gas, in spite of everything.
In case you’re using a Jetboil you then gained’t need a cooking pot as a result of it’s constructed into your entire factor. With the light-weight range linked above you’ll need some tenting posts in order to boil water and cook dinner dinner your meals.
Bowl & mug
I exploit a collapsable bowl identical to this and this a mug/cup. They fold down in order that they don’t take up lots home and are sufficiently massive for breakfast and dinner.
Spoon, fork and okaynife
If I’m taking a wide range of dehydrated meals I actually like my additional lengthy spoon that will attain correct all the best way all the way down to the underside of packs of dehydrated meals with out getting the meals all through my hand.
Alternatively, chances are you’ll want to pack a small, lightweight cutlery set like this one.
We moreover pack this knife to chop up any salami or cheese we’ve packed to eat all through our backpacking journey.
Pack a small issue of biodegradable cleansing cleaning soap and a cloth to scrub up with.
On no account put your dirty water into streams, put it into the ocean.
Meals to pack for the West Coast Path
Water bladder and/or water bottles
I normally pack a 2L hydration pack and a 1L Nalgene bottle.
There’s one stretch between kilometres 30-40 the place there’s no water so it is potential you may acknowledge with the power to hold better than 2L, notably if it’s scorching!
You’ll ought to cope with all the water you drink on the West Coast Path. Streams look clear they normally might not make you sick, but it surely certainly’s not nicely well worth the menace!
I exploit a Sawyer squeeze to cope with my water. You merely replenish the bag and squeeze it by into your Nalgene or water bladder.
You may additionally want to take some water purification tablets.
What meals to pack for the West Coast Path
Climbing is hungry work! You’ll want meals that is extreme in power nevertheless nonetheless lightweight!
Below is what I’ll normally pack for backpacking meals on a multi-day journey. I’d reasonably have better than run out!
- 2 sachets on the spot porridge (mix with water)
- Dried Fruit & nuts
- Quick espresso
- Hummus (dehydrated or the mini pots)
- Babybel cheese
- Salami (we buy one giant salami and cut back it up for lunches via the day
- 1 dehydrated meal per day. My favourite mannequin is Backpacker’s Pantry (the pad thai is so good!)
I’ve merely been given a dehydrater from my buddies which I’m very excited to take a look at for the upcoming season since dehydrated meals are expensive!
- Protein bars (1/day)
- Path mix (with some added chocolate chips or M&Ms!)
- “Tiger” tea iykyk
- Dried mango
You’ll want to retailer all your meals in a bag after which use a bear maintain or a meals locker to take care of it shielded from mice and bears. I merely use a dry bag like this and pack a trash bag to take care of all the trash in too!
Non-compulsory Additional West Coast Gear
Quick-dry towel and swimsuit
In case you like to swim inside the ocean (or assume you’ll want to) pack a swimsuit and a small microfibre towel as they dry quickly.
Camp video video games
You’ll have numerous hours each evening time in camp when you’ll must entertain your self. Ponder bringing a e e book or some headphones to take heed to music or podcasts.
I always journey with my Amazon Kindle eReader so I’ve tons of of books to pick from.
We moreover convey a pack of playing cards for video video games after dinner.
In case you’re really into photos then pack your predominant digicam – merely think about the burden it’ll add! You can also use a GoPro or, in spite of everything, your cellphone!
Battery pack & charging cables
As talked about above, packing a battery pack is an effective suggestion when you occur to’re using a watch like a Garmin or Apple that desires charging and when you occur to’re planning to utilize your cellphone for pictures. I exploit one like this.
Final concepts on this West Coast path gear itemizing
The West Coast Path is a hike of a lifetime, offering breathtaking environment, troublesome terrain, and a great deal of journey. To just remember to’re completely prepared in your journey, This West Coast path pointers consists of the whole thing you need to pack in your hike on the trail.
Though that’s largely a West Coast Path packing itemizing females will uncover most useful, it’s moreover a terrific itemizing to get you started when you occur to’re looking out for a males’s west coast packing itemizing.
Consider to take solely what you need, depart no trace, and observe safety pointers to ensure a protected and gratifying hike.
FAQs on the West Coast Path pack itemizing
How prolonged is the West Coast path?
The west coast path dimension is 75 km or 47 miles.
What variety of ladders on the west coast path?
There are about 70 ladders, 130 bridges and 4 cable vehicles on the West Coast Path.
What dimension backpack for the west coast path?
One thing between 50l – 75l should work properly, equipped it’s not too heavy for you.
How prolonged does it take to hike the west coast path?
Most people take 6-8 days to hike all the pieces of the west coast path. Nonetheless, you presumably can hike sections of it over a weekend if you would like.
How lots should a pack weigh for West Coast Path?
Typically, Parks Canada advises that backpackers ought to hold a load equal to 15-20% of their physique weight, which interprets to a pack weighing spherical 25-40 kilos. It’s pretty simple to unintentionally exceed this so that you just’ll must pack rigorously.
What is the best month to hike the West Coast Path?
July and August are the perfect months for mountaineering the trail because of increased local weather conditions.
Remaining Updated on June 2, 2023 by Hannah
The Best West Coast Path Packing Guidelines is a crucial data for hikers planning to embark on the breathtaking West Coast Path. With a whole itemizing of important objects, this textual content ensures that hikers are well-prepared and equipped for the troublesome terrains and unpredictable local weather conditions alongside the trail. From appropriate footwear and garments to necessary gear harking back to a main assist bundle and navigation devices, this packing itemizing covers all of the obligatory requirements to ensure a protected and gratifying mountaineering experience.